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Navigate > Top > Fish Library > Angelfishes > Holacanthus ciliaris

Species Name: Holacanthus ciliaris

Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name: Queen Angelfish

Range: Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico, Florida, and the Bahamas

Size: 18 inches - 45 cm

Natural Environment: Inhabits coral reefs at 6 to 200 foot depths (2 - 60 m)

General Husbandry: Prefer a temperature of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and their natural diet consists mainly of crustaceans, sponges, tunicates and some algae. Needs numerous feedings per day consisting of live or frozen enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, foods containing sponge particles, flake foods containing Spirulina, and even pieces of fresh broccoli, which is a source of vitamins A and C, and/or fresh Caulerpa. However, juveniles need a diet with a greater content of green-type foods/algae. Do not overfeed meaty foods as it may lead to a fatty deposit around the liver that could stop production of vitamin A. This could cause blindness, often referred to as nutritional blindness. Juveniles and subadults are more aggressive than adults; therefore chose tankmates carefully, as slower moving animals may be damaged. Not suited for reef aquariums containing stony corals, but may be safe with some soft corals, but not gorgonians. Adults should not be housed in anything less than 125 gallon tank and should be the last species added. Sometimes becomes destructive as it becomes larger, and aggressive with age.

Aquarium Suitability: A hardy and fish-only aquarium species

Queen Angelfish (Holacanthus ciliaris) Photo Credit:Bob Fenner

Photo Credit: Bob Fenner


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