By Bob Goemans
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Family Alcyoniidae

Sarcophyton glaucum

(Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)

Toadstool, Umbrella Coral, Rough Leather Coral

Likely Reef Tank Suitable

Likely Fish-Only Tank Suitable

Range: Indo-West Pacific Ocean: Widespread.

Natural Environment: Inhabit reef flats, lagoons and seaward slopes and usually seen at depths between 6 to 100 feet (2 - 30 m).

General Husbandry: These photosynthetic soft corals do better under medium light with moderate water movement.

Does not usually require hand feeding, as its nutrient requirements are met with nutrient absorption from surrounding waters and photosynthesis.

Needs sufficient space between its neighbors.

A good coral for beginners.


    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Cnidaria

    Class: Anthozoa

    Subclass: Octocorallia

    Order: Anlcyonacea

    Suborder: Alcyoniina

    Family: Alcyoniidae

    Genus: Sarcophyton

FYI: Can reach 32 inches (80 cm) in height.

Easily propagated from cuttings.

Mariculture specimens available in the trade.

Experience Level: Beginner

Diet: Photosynthetic/Absorption of nutrients

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Aquarium Environment: Reef or fish-only aquarium

Coral Safe:With caution

Fish Safe: Yes

Invertebrate Safe: Yes

Acclimation Time: 30 minutes+

Aquarium Hardiness: Hardy

Calcium (Ca): 380 - 430 mg/l

Alkalinity: 2.5 - 3.0 meq/l

Phosphate (PO4): <0.05 mg/l

Magnesium (Mg): approx. 1350 mg/l (relate to specific gravity)

Strontium (Sr) 8 - 10 mg/l

Temperature Range: 68 - 83°F (20 - 28°C)

Minimum Tank Size: 150 gallons

Lighting: PAR 350 - 450+

Water Movement: WM 2 - 3

Specific Gravity: 1.023 - 1.025

pH: 8.0 - 8.4

Iodine/Trace Elements Monitor/as necessary to maintain quality seawater.

 Sarcophyton glaucum (Toadstool, Umbrella Coral, Rough Leather Coral)
Photo © Bob Goemans
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Aquarium Systems (Instant Ocean)